Manikya or Ruby, the rarest of gemstones,
is a Red Sapphire and often regarded as the king of
gems. Rubies vary in color and brighten in strong light.
Some rubies are pinkish red or violet/purplish red in
color, with different colors and shades of color often
found in the same stone.
Manikya or Ruby balances Surya (Sun). Surya represents
the king of the solar system in Jyotish. It also represents
Authority, Power, Self, Father, Body and Health. Depending
on the placement of Surya in your birth chart, the wearing
of a ruby may be very auspicious in strengthening the
positive influences of Surya.
Surya, the Sun acts like the thalamus in the human physiology.
The Sun is the central focal point in the solar system
as is the thalamus in our body. All activity in the
solar system revolves around the Sun. In our physiology,
all activity is controlled and ordered by the thalamus.
Enlivening the positive influences of Surya strenghens
the physiology and strengthens the qualities of Surya
in our daily life.
BLUE SAPPHIRE - Neelam
Indraneela or Blue Sapphire is known
for its striking lustre and color which range from light
to very dark blue. Blue Sapphires may be given a variety
of cuts; the most common being the oval cut. Blue Sapphires
are one of the most highly prized of the corundum species.
Shani or Saturn represents Longevity, Discipline, Authority,
Ambition, Leadership, Honesty, Perfection, Humility,
Elders, Denial, Delays, Misery, Adversity, Accidents,
Conservatism and Dutifulness. It's role is often symbolized
as a servant. It's influence is often seen as restrictive
or obstructive yet its influence also seeks to bring
balance. It's influences may be harmonized by the Blue
Sapphire. Shani is furthest from the Sun.
Shani or Saturn in the human physiology is expressed
through the activities of the putamen. The putamen,
like Shani in the solar system, is placed at the outer
edge of the basal ganglia. It's influence, like Shani,
is that of a servant. It receives major input and instructions
that it transmits to the basal ganglia.
SAPPHIRE - Topaz/Pushkaraj
Pushparaga / Pukhraj or Yellow Sapphire is a
lesser known gem in today's market. Known as Oriental
Topaz until the mid-1800's Colors vary from light yellow
to golden and honey yellow. They have considerable lustre,
come in a variety of cuts and are increasing in market
Pushparaga / Pukhraj or Yellow Sapphire harmonizes and benefits
Guru or Jupiter, the largest graha (planet) in the solar
system. It signifies Knowledge, Wisdom, Virtue, Fortune,
Justice, Education, Future, Religion, Philosophy, Devotion,
Children, Distant Travel, Spirituality, Truthfulness,
Prosperity and Charity. Guru is the major instructor
or teacher and influences action with the highest order
and balance. Guru guides action in the most harmonious
and uplifting manner and balances inner and outer input
while simultaneously performing and monitoring action.
Guru or Jupiter's influence in the human physiology
is through the globus pallidus. This globular structure
is like a teacher in the physiology. It gives balanced
and higher-order instructions, balances and maintains
harmony between inner and outer input, manages and executes
complex systems and enlivens activity in the brain while
guiding action. It signifies highest-order thinking
- Knowledge has organizing power.
Mukta or Pearl is the most valued of
the organic gems. A Pearl is a very special and exclusive
gift of nature considered universally as the oldest
known gem. The most valued come from the ocean and have
a visible lustre or sheen with the most common being
white or cream with a rose overtone.
Mukta or Pearl represents the queen in Jyotish. The
Pearl is often called the queen of the sea. The Pearl
harmonizes Chandra, the Moon which directly influences
Emotions, Mind, Affluence, and Public. Wearing a Pearl
can bring harmony and stability to these influences.
Chandra influences the Seasonal, Monthly and Daily Cycles
and Rhythms in the physiology and our emotions.
Chandra, the Moon, occupies a central role in the solar
system and in our physiology. This influence is represented
by the hypothalmus in our physiology which controls
our behavior, our emotions, our hormonal and reproductive
cycles and our body temperature. It nourishes the physiology
like a mother or queen and occupies a central place
in the centre of the brain with the thalmus.
- Moonga (for Mars)
Vidruma / Moonga or Coral is an organic gem
that comes from reefs and atolls. The most valued Coral
is the noble red Coral seen here (Corallicum rubrum).
The color is uniform throughout with no pits or color
streaks. Polished Coral has a vitreous lustre. Due to
pollution, Coral is an endangered species.
Vidruma or Coral influences Mangal or Mars which is
responible for the Field of Activity, Energy, Courage,
Ambition, Sports, Property, Strength, Commander, Technical
Ability, Mechanical, Forcefulness and Bravery. In Jyotish,
Mangal is known as the commander-in-chief, due to its
influence in organizing and managing direction in activity.
Mangal or Mars is like a General with
its focus on precision and power in activity.
Mangal in our physiolgy is associated with the Red
Nucleus, Pars Compacta, and Amygdala. These structures
in the brain control activity by providing checks and
balances, activating and inhibiting impulses in the
brain, and maintaining steadiness and precision of movement.
These influences can be strengthened with the wearing
of Vidruma or Coral when recommended.
Marakata / Panna or Emeralds are known by their
distinctive green color and can vary from light to dark
green. All Emeralds contain inclusions formed during
their growth. Inclusions indicate the stone is natural.
The most common cut is the step or Emerald Cut.
Marakata or Emerald harmonizes and strengthens the Positive
Influences of Budha or Mercury. These influences include
Intelligence, Education, Speech, Teaching, Learning,
Communication, Confidence, Writing, Drawing, Trade,
Humour, Wit, Discrimination, Diplomacy, Intellect and
Commerce. Budha or Mercury is the Prince in Jyotish
and is influenced by Surya and Chandra.
Budha or Mercury in the human physiology is associated
with the sub-thalamic nucleus which resides in the brain
and receives input from various parts of the brain which
directly influences its activity. Similar to the placement
of Budha or Mercury which revolves around Surya (Sun)
and is directly influenced by that relationship, the
sub-thalamic nucleus activity is influenced by the input
it receives and modulates its output accordingly.
- Gomedh (for Rahu)
Gomedhaka / Gomedh or Hessonite is a variety
of grossular garnet. It has good lustre and looks transparent.
The color is brownish-orange and is often called Cinnamon
Stone. These gems are often given step or mixed cuts.
Hessonite Garnets are found especially in Sri Lanka.
Gomedhaka or Hessonite Garnet represents Rahu, the ascending
node of the moon. It's natural significations include
Worldly Desires, Worldly Benefits, Laziness, Gratification,
and Ignorance. It is by nature unpredictable and creates
sudden changes and Influences, Rigidity and Passion.
It is similar to Shani or Saturn in its nature and influence.
Traditionally, Rahu is known as the head of the dragon.
In the human physiology, Rahu corresponds to the head
of the caudate. The caudate is involved in the control
of the saccadic eye movements (the abrupt short shifts
of focus in the eyes). The caudate influences memory
in relation to orientation in space. The caudate is
responsible for our ability to change behavior patterns.
CAT'S EYE -
Vaidurya / Lehsuniya or Cat's Eye is the name given
to the variety of chrysoberyl which beautifully displays
the phenomenon of chatoyancy. The numerous inclusions
line up to form very fine, parallel crystal needles.
Cat's eyes are always cut in cabachons to emphasize
the eye effect.
Vaidurya or Cat's Eye harmonizes Ketu which is traditionally
known as the tail of the dragon. In Jyotish, Ketu is
the descending node of Chandra (Moon). It's influences
are similar to Mangal or Mars and include Liberation,
Abstract Thinking, Asceticism, Non-Attachment, Healing,
Moksha-Enlightenment, Wisdom and that which is hidden.
Ketu's influence in the physiology is represented by
the tail of the caudate. It's influence is over learning
Vajra / Heera or Diamonds adamantine lustre gives a beautiful
'fire' or sparkle to the stone. Value is determined
by a grading system that rates color, clarity and weight
with lesser value given to cut proportions and surface
Shukra or Venus is harmonized by Diamond. Shukra represents
Luxuries, Romance, Partnership, Wealth, Beauty, Arts,
Comforts, Jewelry, Happiness, and Vehicles. Diamonds
are also associated with Luxuries, Jewelry, Wealth,
Beauty etc. Shukra or Venus has since antiquity symbollized
beauty, not just in material life but inner life as
well. Diamonds high lustre symbolizes the refined liveliness
and loveliness of nature within and around us.
Shukra or Venus in the human physiology corresponds
to the activity of the pars reticulata. This structure
in the physiology refines and controls action in the
limbic system related to instincts, feelings and emotions
etc. This action is associated with those impulses in
the physiology that correspond to the qualities of life
influenced most strongly by Sukra.